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WHAT’S A FICO®?

What is a FICO® Score?

FICO® stands for Fair Isaac & Company and is the name for the most well known credit scoring system, used by Experian. The credit bureau’s computer evaluates a complete credit profile and assigns a score, which is used to estimate credit worthiness. Each of the three bureaus (Experian, Trans Union, Equifax) employs its own scoring system, so a given person will usually have 3 separate scores. Someone with a higher score will be viewed as a better risk than someone with a lower score. Typically, scores will range from about 600 to 700 or above, although some cases will be outside this range.

What Kind of Score Do I Need for a Home Loan?

There are as many answers to this question as there are loan programs available. Most lenders will take the average of all 3 scores to evaluate an application. Niche loans, such as Easy Qualifier and low down payment loans will have higher FICO® requirements.

How is My Score Determined?

The FICO® model has 5 main elements:

  1. Past payment history (about 35% of score) The fewer the late payments the better. Recent late payments will have a much greater impact than a very old Bankruptcy with perfect credit since.
    Myth - paying off cards with recent late payments will fix things. Payoffs do not affect payment history.
  2. Credit use (about 30% of score) Low balances across several cards is better than the same balance concentrated on a few cards used closer to maximums. Too many cards can bring down the score, but closing accounts can often do more harm than good if the entire profile is not considered. BE CAREFUL WHEN CLOSING ACCOUNTS!
  3. Length of credit history (15% of score) The longer accounts have been open the better for the score. Opening new accounts and closing seasoned accounts can bring down a score a great deal.
  4. Types of credit used (10% of score) Finance company accounts score lower than bank or department store accounts.
  5. Inquiries (10% of score) Multiple inquiries can be a risk if several cards are applied for or other accounts are close to maxed out. Multiple mortgage or car inquiries within a 14 day period are counted as one inquiry.

How Can I Raise My Score

Your score can only be changed by the way that item is reported directly to the credit bureaus (Experian, TU, Equifax). Written confirmation from the creditor is required. It is best to make these corrections before you try to purchase a home, because you can never be sure the exact impact a change will have on your score.

What Does This Mean to Me?

You should have your credit reviewed BEFORE you look for a home, and work with a PROFESSIONAL loan officer to make sure your loan is based on the most accurate information.

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Testimonials Page

Melissa Oliver was such a delight to work with, she had such a great energy and realism about her. And she walked us through the process every step of the way. And always had our best interest at heart. We trusted her advise and insight she really know what its all about. We are so glad she was there for us and would use her again if needed. Mimi Rajnak
What a great buying experience!! Melissa and the "O" team were amazing and we can't give them enough praise for their efforts. They were very quick to respond to our needs and were on top of the process the whole way. We found the home of our dreams and we have the "O" team to thank!! Visit their office, you wont be disappointed. Josh R.
Melissa is a Real Estate professional serving the Mother Lode Communities with top quality service and expertise. Her understanding of the local market is second to none and her ability to help buyers and sellers both is outstanding. Thanks you Melissa, for being a part of my experience. Rick Daniel
Definitely recommend Melissa and her team..great real estate agent!!! Sylvie Williams
Melissa has come though for me in all my real estate needs..Always going far beyond my expectations!!! She knows the area like the back of her hand...Should be anyones first choice here in the Motherlode! John Chiarpotti
Very knowledgeable and experienced. Would strongly recommend her to anyone with any real estate needs. Hands down the best Realtor in the county! Jacob Ramsey
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