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FICO® Score - a Brief Explanation

When you apply for a mortgage loan, you expect your lender to pull a credit report and look at whether you’ve made your payments on time. What you may not expect is that they seem to be more interested in your FICO® score.

“What’s a FICO® score?” is a common reaction.

Each time your credit report is pulled, it is run through a computer program with a built-in scorecard. Points are awarded or deducted based on certain items such as how long you have had credit cards, whether you make your payments on time, if your credit balances are near maximum, and assorted other variables. When the credit report prints in your lender’s office, the total score is displayed. Your score can be anywhere between the high 300’s and the low 850’s.

Lenders wanted to determine if there was any relationship between these credit scores and whether borrowers made their payments on time, so they did a study. The study showed that borrowers with scores above 680 almost always made their payments on time. Borrowers with scores below 600 seemed fairly certain to develop problems.

As a result, credit scoring became a more important factor in approving mortgage loans. Credit scores also made it easier to develop artificial intelligence computer programs that could make a “yes” decision for loans that should obviously be approved. Nowadays, a computer and not a person may have actually approved your mortgage.

In short, lower credit scores require a more thorough review than higher scores. Often, mortgage lenders will not even consider a score below 600.

Some of the things that affect your FICO score are:

  • Delinquencies
  • Too many accounts opened within the last twelve months
  • Short credit history
  • Balances on revolving credit are near the maximum limits
  • Public records, such as tax liens, judgments, or bankruptcies
  • No recent credit card balances
  • Too many recent credit inquiries
  • Too few revolving accounts
  • Too many revolving accounts

FICO® actually stands for Fair Isaac and Company, which is the company used by the Experian (formerly TRW) credit bureau to calculate credit scores. Trans-Union and Equifax are two other credit bureaus who also provide credit scores.

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Melissa Oliver was such a delight to work with, she had such a great energy and realism about her. And she walked us through the process every step of the way. And always had our best interest at heart. We trusted her advise and insight she really know what its all about. We are so glad she was there for us and would use her again if needed. Mimi Rajnak
What a great buying experience!! Melissa and the "O" team were amazing and we can't give them enough praise for their efforts. They were very quick to respond to our needs and were on top of the process the whole way. We found the home of our dreams and we have the "O" team to thank!! Visit their office, you wont be disappointed. Josh R.
Melissa is a Real Estate professional serving the Mother Lode Communities with top quality service and expertise. Her understanding of the local market is second to none and her ability to help buyers and sellers both is outstanding. Thanks you Melissa, for being a part of my experience. Rick Daniel
Definitely recommend Melissa and her team..great real estate agent!!! Sylvie Williams
Melissa has come though for me in all my real estate needs..Always going far beyond my expectations!!! She knows the area like the back of her hand...Should be anyones first choice here in the Motherlode! John Chiarpotti
Very knowledgeable and experienced. Would strongly recommend her to anyone with any real estate needs. Hands down the best Realtor in the county! Jacob Ramsey
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